Enfilade

Maritime Museum’s Appeal to Acquire Two Paintings by Stubbs

Posted in museums by Editor on August 15, 2013

Press release (9 August 2013) from the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich . . .

Paintings completed after Cook’s first voyage to Australia are the earliest depictions of a kangaroo and a dingo in Western art.

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George Stubbs, Portrait of the Kongouro (Kangaroo)
from New Holland, 1772 (private collection)

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The National Maritime Museum, London has announced a £1.5M appeal to acquire two oil paintings, Portrait of the Kongouro from New Holland and Portrait of a Large Dog, by the celebrated British artist George Stubbs (1724–1806).

The Museum has already secured £3.2M from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) and £200,000 from the Art Fund which will go towards the acquisition of the works as well as much-needed conservation work and a public programme which will bring these remarkable works to the widest audience possible. Due to their significant place within British history and artistic culture, the paintings have been put under an export bar while the appeal is mounted to save them for the nation. Should the appeal be successful they will initially go on display in the Queen’s House, Greenwich in 2014.

The paintings (both of which are oil on panel measuring 24¼ by 28½ inches) were commissioned by the gentleman-scientist Sir Joseph Banks following his participation on Captain James Cook’s first Pacific voyage of ‘discovery’ (1768–71) aboard HMS Endeavour. Stubbs was the pre-eminent animal painter of his day and is now widely appreciated as an 18th-century European master. His paintings of the kangaroo and dingo are the most significant artistic productions directly related to Cook’s seminal voyage and the earliest painted representations of these iconic animals in Western art. They were first exhibited together in London in 1773 and have remained in the UK ever since.

Exploration is a particularly rich area of collection for the National Maritime Museum, which already holds many objects relating to Cook’s voyages, including works by William Hodges (1744–97), who was appointed by the Admiralty to record the places discovered on Cook’s second Pacific voyage (1772–75); and the highly-regarded portrait of Cook by Nathaniel Dance (1775-76), which was also commissioned by Banks and was displayed along with the paintings of the kangaroo and dingo in his house in Soho Square, London.

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George Stubbs, Portrait of a Large Dog (Dingo)
from New Holland, 1772 (private collection)

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Lord Sterling, Chairman of Royal Museums Greenwich, said ‘We are delighted that the Heritage Lottery Fund and the Art Fund have formally backed our bid to purchase the works with very generous grants totalling two-thirds of the required funds. This is a fabulous kick-start to our campaign. Royal Museums Greenwich has a once in a lifetime opportunity to complete the acquisition of these two remarkable paintings which will enhance immeasurably the Museum’s role in engaging audiences worldwide with the story of exploration.’

Carole Souter, Chief Executive of HLF, said: “No one captures the movement and magic of animals better than George Stubbs. These two paintings form an extraordinarily important part of the James Cook voyage of ‘discovery’ story. The Heritage Lottery Fund believes they are an integral part of our seafaring nation’s multi-layered heritage, and we hope that our grant of just over £3 million, along with contributions from other funding partners, will enable them to be acquired by the National Maritime Museum. I’m particularly pleased that plans are already taking shape for the less fragile of the pair – Kongouro – to go on tour to a number of other venues with connections to Captain Cook, so it can be seen and enjoyed by as many people as possible.”

Stephen Deuchar, Director of the Art Fund, said “I cannot think of a better home for these two outstandingly important works by Stubbs than the National Maritime Museum, whose collection covers the important interrelationship between art, science and exploration. We are delighted to be supporting both the acquisition and education plans for these paintings, helping audiences to engage with a key episode in the history of exploration. I urge everyone to support the museum in the final leg of their appeal.”

The Museum’s bid to acquire the paintings is supported by the Royal Society and by Sir David Attenborough, who said “I had the privilege of working with the National Maritime Museum when it staged the exhibition of the paintings made on Cook’s Second Voyage and I greatly admired the way it cared for paintings and other artefacts. Its Cook collections, are, of course, of world importance and I have no doubt that these two Stubbs paintings should be placed among them.”

Culture Minister Ed Vaizey said: “Temporary export bars have been instrumental in ensuring many of our national treasures, like these two striking paintings by Stubbs, stay here in the UK where they can be enjoyed by all. I’m delighted that the Maritime Museum, the Heritage Lottery Fund and the Art Fund have joined forces in a campaign to save them for the nation and hope that the necessary funds can be raised to secure them for the Museum.”

652x240_StubbsK_v2The public can donate to the appeal via mobile phone by texting STUB35 to 70070, online via JustGiving or in person at the Museum. Visitors to the Museum can also see the paintings, which are on public display in the Sammy Ofer Wing throughout the fundraising campaign.

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N.B.These terrific images are taken from a Flickr set of art works subject to export bars; the set is presented by the UK’s Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Even higher resolution images are, in fact, available for download. The page offers the quickest means I’m aware of for seeing what pieces are currently subject to possible export bans. -CH

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Update (added 20 August 2013) — As reported at Art Daily: “The National Gallery of Australia today strongly reaffirmed its commitment to acquiring two iconic paintings by George Stubbs for Australia’s national art collection.…”

Call for Papers | ‘Art History Supplement’ to Address Advertising Images

Posted in Calls for Papers by Editor on August 15, 2013

From Hypotheses.org, the blog of the Art Histories Society and Art History Supplement:

Art History Supplement 3.6 (November 2013) — Advertising Images / Art as Advertisement
Papers due by 15 October 2013

Images with advertising attitude frequently draw forms and figures from artworks. This appropriation is commonly discussed in each case as a reference to the particular work of art being discussed in the image of the advertisement, when it comes to an art history curriculum. The reception of that artwork would be the primary concern of that study. For instance, see John Berger (1972) Ways of Seeing, London: BBC and Penguin Books, chapter seven. The role of advertisement is primarily to communicate a certain message in order to support, in one way or another, the promotion, the sale or the awareness of a particular product. This product may be a commodity; including a person or an idea, for instance. Such a perspective inevitably brings art historians in front of a certain quandary.

When are these advertising images becoming part of a history of art (art history) curriculum on their own status? Could advertising images bridge the gap, if such a gap exists indeed, between history of art and history of images?

On the other hand, according to OED (2nd edition), for instance, an advertisement could be defined as: a) the turning of the mind to anything, b) the action of calling the attention of others; admonition, warning, precept, instruction, c) the action of informing or notifying; information, notification, notice, d) a (written) statement calling attention to anything; a notification, a ‘notice’, e) a public notice or announcement: formerly by the town-crier; now, usually, in writing or print, by placards, or in a journal; spec. a paid announcement in a newspaper or other print.

Yet, Hoepli describes the current meanings of pubblicità as a) L’essere fatto in pubblico, b) azione del far conoscere al pubblico, c) complesso delle varie forme di propaganda aventi lo scopo di far conoscere e di incrementare il consumo e l’uso di un prodotto commerciale, di un servizio, d) mezzo con cui si fa conoscere al pubblico, a scopo commerciale, un determinato prodotto, e) piccola pubblicità, nei giornali, la rubrica degli annunci economici.

While, John Florio (1611) in his Italian – English dictionary annotated the meaning of publicatione as a publication, a proclamation, a manifestation, a making knowen (p.408).

Wouldn’t all these above qualities be able to describe images regarded, for example, as renaissance and/ or early modern art? A) Religious or humanistic art communicating a political or cultural message, B) “preaching” through images, C) the narration or the narrative element of early modern painting, D) the dictum that images can be the Book of the illiterates, E) public devotional or secular commemorative art or the diffusion of engravings. The drawing of such intriguing parallels could be alleged to the role and the use of those art images in those times, based on the theoretical and their rhetorical structures, as patronage and reception studies, built upon the Panofskian model of “cultural” signs.

Papers and short notes are sought to support, or not, the advertising images as a traceable chapter in a history of art survey course; concerning the use of these images, along with any stylistic dimensions these images have. Moreover, submissions are being welcomed to investigate earlier examples of advertisements through renaissance and early modern religious, or not, paintings, portraits, engravings and ephemera. (more…)