Exhibition | Bishop, Emperor, Everyman: 200 Years of Salzburg History

Posted in exhibitions by Editor on May 1, 2016


August Franz Heinrich von Naumann, Map of the Princely Residence City of Salzburg, paper, ink, watercolour, gold addition, 1788–89 (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale de France)

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From the Salzburg Museum:

Bishop, Emperor, Everyman: 200 Years of Salzburg in Austria
Bischof, Kaiser, Jedermann: 200 Jahre Salzburg bei Österreich

Salzburg Museum, Neue Residenz, 30 April — 30 October 2016

To mark the 200th anniversary of Salzburg’s incorporation into Austria, a trio of exhibitions offers an in-depth view into the eventful history of Salzburg—from the rich princely archbishopric, through wars and fluctuating power relations.

Treasure House Salzburg

0107_salzburg2016_018Over the centuries, the Salzburg prince archbishops collected a voluminous treasury of paintings and the graphic arts, furniture and porcelain, minerals, weapons and coins, books and sculptures. Much of this was created especially for Salzburg. The Salzburg prince archbishops assigned renowned artists with commissions for ivory carvings, rock crystal and ibex horn artefacts, goldsmith’s art and paintings—all these objects belonged to the inventory of the court treasure chamber and enhanced prestige. The rulers of the time naturally saw themselves as personal owners of these riches; thus, it frequently occurred in case of war that all treasures were conveyed to the next residence. The exhibits tell their own stories and raise questions: what significance did they originally have, what was their origin, or how did they end up in Salzburg? The exhibition Treasure House Salzburg in the Kunsthalle in the basement of the Neue Residenz is designed to awaken in visitors a historical awareness for the former riches and status of Salzburg within Europe.

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Tell Me about Salzburg!

The special exhibition Tell Me about Salzburg! spotlights events and people from two centuries and, in doing so, gives visitors insights into the history of art and culture in Salzburg. While the stories are anchored in the two centuries between 1816 and 2016, they reach far back into the past or had far-reaching consequences for the future. Visitors wandering from room to room and from theme to theme will be given the opportunity to take a closer look at Salzburg and its history from unusual perspectives and in differing narratives.

Twelve Themes
• True Fables! The Fabulous World of Salzburg Sagas and Their Relationship to History
• Quest into the Past – Salzburg Unearths Its History
• “Silent Night! Holy Night!” What a Carol Tells Us, and What It Can Reveal about Its Time
• On the Trail of Haydn and Mozart: “Reports” on the History of Music in Salzburg
• Under the Patronage of the Dowager Empress Caroline Augusta: Salzburg Tells Its History in Its Own Museum
• Time Windows 1866 and 1916: Images of Change
• Back to the Future: Salzburg Utopias in the Years between the Wars
• Salzburg and National Socialism: The Oppressive Legacy of History
• Wotruba and Thorak: A Salzburg Summit of a Unique Kind
• Art under the Banner of the Cold War – or how the “Nuclear Bomb of Cultural Bolshevism” was Ignited in Salzburg
• “Two Days Facing the Cloud-Kitchen Mountain” (Peter Handke) – Literary Images of Salzburg
• Lisl Ponger: The Museum in the Museum

Johann Matthias Wurzer, based on Hieronymus Allgeyer, Mirabellplatz before the 1818 Fire, oil on cardboard, 1810–16 (Salzburg Museum, inv. no. 96-25)

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On the Scene

The period from 1797 to 1816 in relation to the actual history of Salzburg is mostly an imageless era. There are scarcely any depictions of events, fights and battles in the city’s environs, or of the multiple occupations of the Land by foreign troops. Places that were the scenes of important events during this epoch in Salzburg are today no longer of any relevance for Salzburg: their significance for Salzburg’s history fell into oblivion. For the special exhibition On the Scene, contemporary photographic artists from the Fotohof gallery set off to eight selected locations and, in the form of video animations and installations, bring them into the Land exhibition.

Eight Locations
• Villa Manin stands for the Treaty of Campo Formio (1797) which for the first time officially codified the end of the autonomous archiepiscopal foundation of Salzburg.
• The Battle of Walserfeld in 1800 heralded an epoch of occupation, looting and ever-changing rulers.
• Mirabell Palace is exemplary as a location that was given a new function for each change in historical circumstances.
• The town of Mühldorf am Inn belonged to Salzburg for centuries but in 1802/1803 was the first territory to be separated from the former archiepiscopal foundation.
• The Alte Residenz was not only the residence of the prince archbishop but also old Salzburg’s centre of power for centuries.
• Schönbrunn Palace was the scene of the contract (Treaty of Pressburg) signed by Napoleon that ceded Salzburg to Austria in 1805, but in 1809 also saw Salzburg’s cession as defined in the Treaty of Schönbrunn.
• In 1809, Salzburg gunners fought at Pass Lueg against Bavarian and French troops, but were successful only at the start of fighting.
• And in June 1816 on today’s Hildmannplatz in front of the Neutor, the residents of the City of Salzburg received the new ruler Emperor Francis I of Austria.

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