Conference | Afterlife of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, 1500–1850

Posted in conferences (to attend), online learning by Editor on July 19, 2021

From ArtHist.net:

Re-Conceiving an Ancient Wonder: The Afterlife of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, 1500–1850
RWTH Aachen University (online and in-person), 9–11 September 2021

Organized by Anke Naujokat, Desmond Bryan Kraege, and Felix Martin

The importance of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus for European culture is revealed by its very name, which—in many languages—has become a noun signifying any sufficiently monumental tomb. However, the Mausoleum was destroyed during the Middle-Ages, and many aspects of its appearance remain uncertain, even since the excavation of its foundations in the 1850s. During the Early Modern Period, the main sources of information on this building were thus ancient texts, which were the only references concerning the Mausoleum’s dimensions and appearance. Accurately reconstructing architecture according to brief written descriptions, however, is an impossible task. Yet, despite this difficulty or perhaps due to the liberty it offered the imagination, numerous artists, architects and antiquaries took a keen interest in the monument during the timeframe 1500–1856, mainly using Pliny’s description to suggest reconstructions, devise pictorial representations and seek inspiration for new funerary projects or monumental public architecture.

This workshop aims to examine the afterlife of the Mausoleum during this period. Being an invisible reference, the monument left far more leeway to the imagination than other, existing ancient buildings that also attracted scholarly and artistic attention, such as the Pantheon. The Mausoleum’s invisibility entails that it is not the monument itself that will be investigated here, but rather the ensemble of texts, images and architectural projects referring to this central but unknowable model. Drawing upon recent developments in the methodologies of intermediality and temporality, the project aims to add a new dimension to this discussion by focusing on a precise case study examining the evolution of several key themes over a long period.

The workshop will be organised as a hybrid onsite/online event. It will be possible to listen to papers and join the discussions via Zoom. All are welcome to join, we will gladly provide the event link if you write to us at halicarnassus@ages.rwth-aachen.de.

Organising Committee
• Prof. Dr. Anke Naujokat (RWTH Aachen University)
• Dr. Desmond Bryan Kraege (AHO Oslo School of Architecture and Design)
• Felix Martin M.Sc. (RWTH Aachen University)

T H U R S D A Y ,  9  S E P T E M B E R  2 0 2 1

14.00  Welcome

14.15  Anke Naujokat, RWTH Aachen University, Introduction

14.30  I. Tombs and Widows
• Inmaculada Rodriguez Moya (Universitat Jaume I Castellón) and Victor Minguez (Universitat Jaume I Castellón), The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in the Renaissance Imagination: Royal and Noble Tombs, 1384–1545
• Simone Salvatore (Sapienza Università di Roma), The Iconographic Fortune of Artemisia and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in Early Modern Italy, 1500–1630
• Sheila Ffolliott (George Mason University), Embodying the Mausoleum: Artemisia as Model for 16th- and 17th-Century Women and Regents

18.00  Evening Lecture
• Poul Pedersen (University of Southern Denmark / The Danish Halikarnassos Project), The Maussolleion at Halikarnassos and the Ionian Renaissance in Greek Architecture

F R I D A Y ,  1 0  S E P T E M B E R  2 0 2 1

9.30  II. The Sangallo Circle
• Peter Fane-Saunders (Birkbeck, University of London), The Mausoleum, Architectural Theory, and the Renaissance Church
• Andreas Raub (Alte Pinakothek, Munich), Antonio da Sangallo the Younger: Mausolea for St. Peter and the Popes
• Fabio Colonnese (Sapienza Università di Roma), Porsenna, Mausolus, and the Pyramids of Antonio da Sangallo the Younger
• Marco Brunetti (Bibliotheca Hertziana – Max-Planck-Institut für Kunstgeschichte), Dream of a Shadow: The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and the Accademia della Virtù

12.00  Lunch Break

13.30  III. Print Culture and the Seven Wonders
• Katharina Hiery (Universität Tübingen), Maarten van Heemskerck’s Images and the Mausoleum in Print Culture
• Ainhoa de Miguel Irureta (Universidad Católica de Murcia), The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in 17th-Century Series of the Seven Wonders: Following in the Wake of Maarten van Heemskerck
• Marco Folin (Università degli studi di Genova) and Monica Preti (Head of Academic Programmes, Musée du Louvre, Paris), Fischer von Erlach’s Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

15.00  Coffee Break

15.30  IV. The Mausoleum and the City
• Raphaëlle Merle (Université Paris 10 Nanterre), Travellers and Topography in Early Modern Halicarnassus, 1656–1857
• Daniel Sherer (Princeton University School of Architecture), Architecture and Print Culture in the Late 17th- and Early 18th-Century English Reception of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus: Intermedium Signification in Hawksmoor’s St George’s Bloomsbury and Hogarth’s Gin Lane, 1670–1751

S A T U R D A Y ,  1 1  S E P T E M B E R  2 0 2 1

9.30  IV. The Mausoleum and the City, continued
• Stefan Hertzig (Architectural Historian and Heritage Specialist, Dresden), An Ancient Wonder for Dresden: The So-Called Pyramid Building of Augustus the Strong on the Neustadt Bridgehead as a Paraphrase of the Mausoleum à la Heemskerck
• Desmond-Bryan Kraege (AHO Oslo School of Architecture and Design), Imaginary Architecture and the Mausoleum’s Move to a Peri-Urban Environment, France, ca. 1750s–1790s

10.30  Coffee Break

11.00  V. Scholarship and a New Vision of History
• Felix Martin (RWTH Aachen University), Building for Posterity: Friedrich Weinbrenner, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and the Pursuit of Permanence around 1800
• Christian Raabe (RWTH Aachen University), Karl Friedrich Schinkel’s Tomb of King Mausolus of Caria

12.00  Lunch Break

13.30 V. Scholarship and a New Vision of History, continued
• Marina Leoni (Université de Genève), Quatremère de Quincy’s Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and French Scholarship
• Lynda Mulvin (University College Dublin), Charles Robert Cockerell (1788–1863): A Pioneering Study of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus as Part of a Wider Project to Locate Other Unknown Sites and Monuments in ‘Ionian Antiquities’

14.30  Concluding Discussion

Call for Papers | Wood: Between Natural Affordance and Cultural Values

Posted in Calls for Papers by Editor on July 19, 2021

From ArtHist.net:

Wood: Between Natural Affordance and Cultural Values in Eurasia
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (and online), 31 March — 2 April 2022

Organised by Aleksandra Lipińska and Ilse Sturkenboom

Proposals due by 30 September 2021

In “The Theory of Affordances” of 1977, the American psychologist James J. Gibson coined the term affordance to denote that which environment offers an animal [or a human for that matter] for good or ill. This concept resonated broadly within humanities and, more recently, especially within material culture studies. Wood can be understood as a natural affordance that is one of the most universally available materials in a vast area of the world. Wood comes with its natural and physical characteristics that determine its workability. The use of various kinds of wood is, however, not only determined by the availability and applicability of the material itself but also by cultural values and specific requirements within a society.

This conference aims at bringing together scholars from diverse fields within humanities and science to discuss similarities and differences, continuities and discontinuities in the notions surrounding wood in various cultural contexts within Eurasia until the ‘material revolution’ that followed after 1900. We would like to address the question of the relationships or tensions between the naturally determined affordances of timber and their cultural coding.

Questions addressed may include, but need not be limited to:
• The relation between the substance and the produced object as a result of the tension between natural affordances and cultural practices
• Religious, philosophical, and historical notions of wood in various cultural contexts within Eurasia and their impact on the application of wood in artefacts
• Relationships of wood with other materials within material hierarchies, as a combination in objects/architecture, or as a carrier of designs that may also occur in other materials
• The mobility of wooden objects and their impact in diverse cultural contexts
• The use of wood as a tool or medium, e.g. imprint
• The specificity of working in wood and resulting identities of woodworkers and their works
• Scientific/ dendrochronological analyses of wood and their impact on the interpretation of cultural meaning of wooden objects

The conference is planned to take place as an in-person event, but online attendance will also be made available in a hybrid format. As far as attendants cannot be reimbursed by their home institutions, travel and accommodation costs will be reimbursed by the conveners.

The conference is organised by Aleksandra Lipińska (Professor for Art of the Early Modern Period, Institute for Art History, LMU Munich) and Ilse Sturkenboom (Professor for Islamic Art History, Institute for Art History, LMU Munich).

We kindly ask interested participants to submit, by 30 September 2021, a working title, a maximum 250-word abstract, and a short CV to Ilse.Sturkenboom@LMU.de and aleksandra.lipinska@kunstgeschichte.uni-muenchen.de.

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