New Book | Painting in Stone: Architecture and the Poetics of Marble

Posted in books by Editor on February 18, 2021

From Yale UP:

Fabio Barry, Painting in Stone: Architecture and the Poetics of Marble from Antiquity to the Enlightenment (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2020), 448 pages, ISBN: 978-0300248166, $65.

Spanning almost five millennia, Painting in Stone tells a new history of premodern architecture through the material of precious stone. Lavishly illustrated examples include the synthetic gems used to simulate Sumerian and Egyptian heavens; the marble temples and mansions of Greece and Rome; the painted palaces and polychrome marble chapels of early modern Italy; and the multimedia revival in 19th-century England. Poetry, the lens for understanding costly marbles as an artistic medium, summoned a spectrum of imaginative associations and responses, from princes and patriarchs to the populace. Three salient themes sustained this ‘lithic imagination’: marbles as images of their own elemental substance according to premodern concepts of matter and geology; the perceived indwelling of astral light in earthly stones; and the enduring belief that colored marbles exhibited a form of natural—or divine—painting, thanks to their vivacious veining, rainbow palette, and chance images.

Fabio Barry is assistant professor in the Department of Art and Art History at Stanford University.

Online Series | Georgian Gardens and Landscapes

Posted in lectures (to attend), online learning by Editor on February 17, 2021

From The Georgian Group:

Georgian Gardens and Landscapes Series
Online, The Georgian Group, Tuesdays in March and April 2021, 6.30pm (GMT)

The Georgian Group presents seven talks this spring in connection with its series Georgian Gardens and Landscapes. Presentations take place on Tuesday evenings, starting at 6.30pm. Each talk is £3 for members and £5 for non-members. Joining details will be sent to attendees the day before. Talks will be recorded and made available to those who have purchased a ticket for a limited time period after the event takes place.

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2 March 2021
Fiona Davison — Hidden Horticulturists

This talk will tell the untold story of the men who shaped Britain’s gardens, with help from a recently unearthed book of handwritten notes by young gardeners in support of their applications to be received into the Horticultural Society’s training scheme at their Chiswick Garden in the 1820s. Some of these men went on to work on Britain’s finest country estates, while others ended up tending more modest gardens or found themselves in exotic locations around the glove. Nevertheless, these previously hidden figures played a central role in the history of British horticulture and helped to shape the way we garden today.

Fiona Davison is Head of Libraries and Exhibitions at the Royal Horticultural Society. Her book, The Hidden Horticulturists: The Untold Story of the Men who Shaped Britain’s Gardens, was published in 2019.

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9 March 2021
Emily Parker — Marble Hill: A Garden of Grottos and Groves

Henrietta Howard, mistress of George II and later Countess of Suffolk, created Marble Hill house in the 1720s as a retreat from court life and as a place to entertain her elite circle of influential cultural, intellectual and political friends. This was a time of significant change in garden designs and Howard’s friendship with Alexander Pope, Lord Bathurst, Lord Peterborough and Lord Ilay, meant that her garden at Marble Hill was influenced by some of the most fashionable garden enthusiasts of the time. This talk will explore how the garden was created and who might have been involved in its design.

Emily Parker is a Landscape Advisor at English Heritage. She specialises in garden history and designed landscape conservation. Emily’s primary research interests are garden design in the eighteenth century, including the role of Alexander Pope, ‘Capability’ Brown and Humphry Repton. Emily has also researched and written interpretation content for many English Heritage sites including Eltham Palace, Kirby Hall, Mount Grace Priory and Wrest Park. She has also produced Conservation Management Plans for English Heritage gardens including Belsay Hall, Marble Hill and Walmer Castle.

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16 March 2021
George Carter and Caroline Knight — William Kent: Garden Designer, Architect, Interior Designer

William Kent (1685-1748) was one of those all-round designers, like Bernini, who could turn his hand to anything—architecture, interior design, painting, garden design, even book illustration. The first half of the eighteenth century was a period when garden design in Britain was in a state of flux. Kent proved to have a crucial role in adapting an evolving naturalistic style to his own unique vision, and was praised by Horace Walpole in On Modern Gardening. According to Christopher Hussey, he provided exactly what the Early Georgians looked for in the new gardening: “elegant variation, evocation of an ideal past, and the visual embodiment of a philosophical idea.” This talk looks at some of Kent’s best work including Rousham, Esher, and Stowe and evaluates him in relation to his contemporaries, Charles Bridgeman, Stephen Switzer, and Robert Castell.

George Carter is a garden historian and designer who specialises in restoring and recreating historic gardens, particularly of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He has written several books on garden design and his work has appeared in numerous books and magazines. Caroline Knight is an architectural historian specialising in British Architecture of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. She is an independent lecturer at the V&A Museum and for the Arts Society and the author of London’s Country Houses.

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23 March 2021
Penelope Corfield — Vauxhall, Sex, and Entertainment: The Invention of the Urban Pleasure Garden

This lecture will analyse the social dynamics of London’s most popular and celebrated Pleasure Garden in Vauxhall, which flourished between 1732 and its final closure in 1859. It pioneered the commercialisation of mass entertainment and the eroticisation of the leisure industry. In other words, it blended timeless human interests in sex and good company with the allure of celebrity culture plus the provision of a great range of leisure services in an organised and inclusive style. No wonder that countless similar urban Gardens across Britain, in Paris and, eventually, in cities around the world, were named after Vauxhall.

Penelope J. Corfield is an expert on Georgian urban, social and cultural history; and is currently researching the dynamics of inter-personal greetings in the long eighteenth century. She is Professor Emeritus at Royal Holloway, London University; Research Fellow at Newcastle University; and President of the International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies.

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30 March 2021
Bettina Harden — Welsh Gardens and the Grand Tour

While working on her book The Most Glorious Prospect: Garden Visiting in Wales 1639–1900 (2017), Bettina Harden found that the experience of the Grand Tour to Italy ran as a leitmotif through the development of landscaped parks and gardens across Wales. Carrying on from the book, she has examined the links between the Grand Tour and its effect on the Welsh patrons and owners who, on their return from the Continent, set about bringing something of what they had seen abroad to their home surroundings. The result is a lecture exploring the intricacies of the Grand Tour, its demands and discoveries, its shopping and scholarship, focused on Welshmen who had travelled to Rome in the eighteenth century: Sirs Watkin Williams-Wynne, father and son, 3rd and 4th Baronets of Wynnstay; Thomas Mansel, 2nd Lord Mansel, and Thomas and Christopher Mansel-Talbot of Margam; Thomas Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley of Baron Hill; Colonel John Campbell of Stackpole Court. The lecture aims to link these men, their Grand Tour, their purchases and Italian dreams of landscape beauty together to demonstrate how ‘gardening and refined connoisseurship were the obsession of the age.’

Bettina Harden is a lecturer and writer on historic gardens. She was formerly Chairman of the Welsh Historic Gardens Trust and was Founder Chairman of the Gateway Gardens Trust.

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6 April 2021
Rory Fraser — Follies: An Architectural Journey

Follies were an important feature of English landscape gardens in the long eighteenth century. They could take a multitude of forms, from lavish banqueting houses to temples to lost loves, while their designers read like a ‘Who’s Who’ of the greatest figures in Georgian architecture and landscape design—Wren, Vanbrugh, Kent, ‘Capability’ Brown, and Repton. In this talk, Rory Fraser will take us on an illustrated journey across England as he unearths the stories behind these often-overlooked architectural gems. Fraser’s philosophy is that follies, though often marginalised, serve as focal points for architecture, landscape, and literature. As such, they create a series of portals through which to understand the periods in which they were built, providing an alternative lens through which to track and celebrate the English character, culture, and love of individualism.

Rory Fraser was brought up between Rutland and Inverness. He worked for English Heritage and learnt Art History in Venice and Florence, before studying English at Oxford University where he specialised in landscape poetry and architecture, and wrote comedy for the Oxford Review. On graduating, he worked for John Simpson Architects in Bloomsbury. He is currently at Cambridge University, where he is doing an MPhil in Architectural History under Frank Salmon. His book, Follies: An Architectural Journey, was published in November 2020.

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13 April 2021
Kim Wilkie — The English Landscape Revolution

The eighteenth-century English Landscape Movement pioneered a radical new approach to sculpting and farming the land which gives great inspiration for the issues we face today. Landscape architect Kim Wilkie will trace this development through looking at some of the projects he has worked on, including the great landscapes of Boughton (for which he won a Georgian Group award in 2011 for Restoration of a Georgian Garden or Landscape) and Heveningham, as well as some more humble manor houses.

Kim Wilkie is a renowned landscape architect. After decades of running his own practice, Kim now works as a strategic and conceptual landscape consultant. He collaborates with architects and landscape architects around the world.

Online Talk | A New Copley Acquisition

Posted in Art Market, museums, online learning by Editor on February 16, 2021

This Wednesday, from Vermont’s Shelburne Museum, as announced at ArtDaily:

Together Again: A New Acquisition Reunites a Pair of Copley Portraits
Online, Shelburne Museum, 17 February 2021, 6pm (ET)

Join Shelburne Museum director Tom Denenberg to learn about an exciting new acquisition for the Museum’s American painting collection and the intriguing circumstances that led to the reunion of a long-separated couple.

The Shelburne Museum has acquired a portrait by John Singleton Copley entitled Mrs. Mercy Scollay (née Mercy Greenleaf), a pendant painting to the portrait in the museum’s permanent collection, Mr. John Scollay, reuniting the long-separated portraits of wife and husband, Shelburne Museum.

John Singleton Copley, Portrait of Mrs. Mercy Scollay, 1763, 90 × 71 cm (Shelburne, VT: Shelburne Museum).

John Scollay, a chairman of the Boston Board of Selectmen and member of the Sons of Liberty, commissioned Copley (1738–1815), the preeminent portraiture artist in the American colonies, for this portrait of his wife as a pendant to his own portrait. Completed in 1763, Mrs. Scollay’s portrait demonstrates Copley’s talents and abilities as a painter as evidenced through the beautifully rendered fabric draped around the sitter.

Shelburne Museum founder Electra Havemeyer Webb assembled the American paintings collection with the intention of juxtaposing well-known artists such as Copley with lesser-known itinerant or ‘folk’ painters. She purchased the portrait of John Scollay from Harry Shaw Newman at the Old Print Shop in New York City in 1959. The Museum’s extensive collection of American paintings tell a story about how the fine arts developed and came of age in the United States, and the reunion of these pendants continues to enrich the narrative.

The museum is presenting a webinar on the new acquisition and the story of how these two paintings were reunited. Denenberg will discuss the intriguing circumstances that led to the reunion of the long-separated couple. The evening will be a tale of revolutionary Boston, featuring the young John Singleton Copley and his portraits of Mercy Greenleaf and John Scollay. Live Q&A follows the presentation. Together Again: A New Acquisition Reunites a Pair of Copley Portraits is at 6pm on Wednesday, February 17. To register visit the museum’s website.

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The portrait of Mrs. Mercy Scollay sold at Sotheby’s American Art sale on 11 December 2020 (Lot 23) for $126,000.

Conference | The Salon and the Senses

Posted in conferences (to attend), online learning by Editor on February 15, 2021

Johan Zoffany, The Gore Family with George, 3rd Earl Cowper, ca. 1775, oil on canvas, 31 × 39 inches
(New Haven: Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, B1977.14.87)

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From the conference website:

The Salon and the Senses in the Long 18th Century: Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Online, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 4–5 March 2021

The conference The Salon and the Senses in the Long 18th Century: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, seeks to join the intellectual heritage of the salons with their multidisciplinary, multisensory natures. We will explore the sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and tactile aspects of the salon, considering the arts and sensory pleasures of the salon alongside the verbal arts—the poetry, literature, theater, and conversation—that were cultivated there.

Salons of the 17th, 18th, and early 19th centuries knew no disciplinary boundaries. More than other institutions of the age, salons offered their habitués opportunities to engage with a wide range of social, cultural, artistic, literary, and verbal practices. A multidisciplinary approach requires that we—like salon hostesses and guests before us—open our minds across modern intellectual boundaries and reanimate the embodied practices of the institution. By bringing together scholars from numerous fields, we hope to shed new light on salons in all of their complexity. Above all, we seek to understand the multi-sensory nature of the salon: its sights, sounds, tastes, and smells; its conversations, texts, and subtexts.

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1.00  Session 1: Welcome and 18th-Century Drama Workshop
• Jennifer Jones (History-SAS) and Rebecca Cypess (Music-Mason Gross) Welcome
• Christopher Cartmill (Rutgers University, Mason Gross School of the Arts), ‘The Chironomia’: Interactive workshop on 18th-century English and French dramatic practices

2.15  Session 2: The Senses of Smell, Touch, and Humor
• Iris Moon (The Metropolitan Museum of Art), Open, Shut Them: A Capodimonte Snuffbox and the Sense of Touch in the Salon
• Érika Wicky (Université Lumière Lyon 2), Olfaction and the Salon: The Smell of Paint from Mansion House to Art Critique
• Marjanne Elaine Goozé (University of Georgia), A Sense of Humor and Antisemitism in the Berlin Jewish Salons, ca. 1800

4.00  Session 3: Keynote Address
• Melanie Conroy (University of Memphis), On Networking: Enlightenment-Era French Salons

7.00  Session 4: Lecture-Recital
The Raritan Players, directed by Rebecca Cypess — ‘In the Salon of Elizabeth Graeme’, a program exploring the musical practices of a salon hostess in 1760s–70s Philadelphia; played on period instrument

5  M A R C H  2 0 2 1

9.00  Session 5: Music in the Salon
• Michael Bane (Indiana University, Jacobs School of Music), Amateur Musicians and their Audiences in French Salons around 1700, or, How to Compliment a Musical Friend
• Floris Meens (Radbound University), The ‘Other’ Languages of Private Sociability: Music and Emotion in Dutch Late 18th- and Early 19th-Century Salons
• Nicole Vilkner (Duquesne University), Opera prêt-à-porter: Gallope d’Onquaire and the Commercialization of Salon opéra, 1850–1870

10.45  Session 6: Music, Gender, and Politics
• Markus Rathey (Yale University), The Subversion of Gender Expectations in Bach’s Dramatic Cantatas
• Callum Blackmore (Columbia University), Hyacinthe Jadin and the Noise of Revolution: Recovering French String Quartet Aesthetics in 1790s Paris
• Lindsay Jones (University of Toronto), Mauro Giuliani and the Congress of Vienna: Musical Representations of Power and Politics

1.00  Session 7: Paris ca. 1760: How to Make a Pop-Up Salon
Concluding discussion

Online Panel | Art, Histories, and the Podcast

Posted in lectures (to attend), online learning by Editor on February 14, 2021

Cornelius Cardew, Treatise. Digital image courtesy of Loop 38.

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Organized by the Paul Mellon Centre, with registration at Eventbrite:

Speaking of Art: Art, Histories and the Podcast
Zoom, Wednesday, 17 March 2021, 6.00–7.30pm (GMT)

Podcasting is an increasingly popular form of communication in the arts, culture, and heritage sectors. Research is finding new ears, collections are reaching new audiences, and art objects are entering into new relationships with words as they are described verbally for listeners. Art and art history has a new soundscape. This panel will bring together speakers interested in the possibilities of the relationship of art, art history, voice, and sound. It will explore how this form of audio communication is prompting different, and often surprising, ways of describing objects and artistic practices, encouraging an intimacy that is often absent from academic research, and creating new points of encounter. The discussion will roam across topics, covering ideas such as the visual ear, the art object in sound, listening and looking, virtual travel, and the oral/aural textures of description.

This online event has been organised by Anna Reid (Senior Research Fellow, PMC) and Sarah Victoria Turner (Deputy Director for Research, PMC). They will reflect on their recent experiences of podcasting at the Paul Mellon Centre and their involvement in developing the British Art Talks and Sculpting Lives series. Joining Anna and Sarah is a panel of speakers; some will discuss their own podcasting projects and others will reflect more broadly on the relationship of art, sound, and voice

• Jo Baring, Director of the Ingram Collection and co-host of Sculpting Lives
• Cathy Courtney, Project Director of National Life Stories: Artists’ Lives, British Library
• James Mansell, Associate Professor of Cultural Studies, University of Nottingham and Principal Investigator of the AHRC funded project Sonic Futures: Collecting, Curating and Engaging with Sound at the National Science and Media Museum
• Zakia Sewell, Audio Producer, Radio Host, and DJ
• Inigo Wilkins, writer and lecturer; CalArts, New School for Research and Practice

Online Lecture | Guillaume Nicoud on The Hermitage, 1770

Posted in lectures (to attend), online learning by Editor on February 13, 2021

From the lecture series Collecting Art in Imperial Russia, organized by Princeton’s REEES program:

Guillaume Nicoud (Mendrisio, Archivio del Moderno), The Hermitage, or a ‘Museum’ in 1770 according to Catherine the Great
Online, Thursday, 18 February 2021, 12.00–1.30pm (ET)

Why did Catherine the Great build the entire complex of the Hermitage ? This question could constitute the main thread in our presentation. Behind the origins of the Hermitage was the initial idea of creating a hanging garden and additional apartments outside the Winter Palace, although linked to it by a bridge. It quickly faded in the face of Catherine II’s social and cultural intense practices. One should consider that everything she created there aimed at influencing in one way or another the Russian aristocracy as well as at showing to the rest of Europe that she could be, in addition to being an empress, a woman of letters and taste.

Then can we define the Hermitage as a whole? Certainly, its name suggests that it was a place to retreat, at least from the court, and thus a space where to behave under her own rules. In fact, the answer is probably contained in letters written in the 1780s by Catherine herself to Friedrich Melchior Grimm, her commissioner based in Paris, where she calls her Hermitage her own ‘museum’. What does a museum mean for Catherine? And for the Hermitage in terms of architectural typology? Can we in this case consider the paintings gallery of the Hermitage as a ‘museum’? After tracing the history of the construction of the building complex, in order to highlight its architectural characteristics, the presentation will try to summarize how this place and the collections it holds were described during Catherine’s reign, including her very own point of view. Her use of the term ‘museum’ must be related to the definition of the term in Diderot’s and Alembert’s Encyclopedia, that is to say the ‘museum of a woman of letters’. What if the Hermitage, even if it was not a ‘museum’ in the way we conceive it today until the middle of the 19th century, has nevertheless been ‘Catherine’s museum’?

Registration is available here»

Guillaume Nicoud is a postdoc researcher in art history and architecture at the Swiss National Science Foundation in the Archivio del Moderno, University of the Italian Switzerland, involved in the program “Milan and Ticino (1796–1848), Shaping the Spatiality of a European Capital” (FNS Sinergia n°177286 ; and from 2016 to 2019 in the program “The Architecture of ‘Moskovskij stil’Ampir’,” n°IZLRZ1_164062). He specializes in the history of European cultural relations and interactions around 1800. His doctoral thesis, defended at the EPHE, EPSL, Paris in 2016, is entitled “A Gallery Stemming from the Enlightenment: The Imperial Gallery of the Hermitage and France from Catherine the Great to Alexander the Great, 1762–1825” (to be published). He is also a member of the SAPRAT team (EPHE/PSL, EA 4116), co-directs with Dr. Markus Castor the research program “Collecting in the 18th Century: On the Archeology of a Perfect Collection” at the German Center for Art History (Paris) and participates meanwhile in the publication of the First Catalogue of the Hermitage Paintings Gallery (Vol. I, St. Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, 2018). His publications include the exhibition catalog Jérôme Napoleon, King of Westphalia (Château de Fontainebleau, 2008, in coll. with Chr. Beyeler); Jérôme Napoléon et l’art et la culture dans le Royaume de Westphalie (Dfk Paris, 2 vol, in press, in coll. with J. Ebeling and Th. Smidt); and L’empire de Catherine la Grande: nouvelles approches (symposium proceedings, SPM, Paris, publication scheduled for spring 2021, in coll. with J. Kusber, K.S. Jobst, Fr.-D. Liechtenhan and A. Pufelska).

CAA, 2021

Posted in lectures (to attend), online learning by Editor on February 12, 2021

With this year’s CAA conference now underway, a quick reminder of two HECAA-sponsored sessions, one today and one tomorrow!

109th Annual Conference of the College Art Association
Online, 10–13 February 2021

The ‘Long’ Eighteenth Century?
Live Q & A online, Friday, 12 February 2021, 2.00–2:30pm (ET)
Chairs: Sarah Betzer (University of Virginia) and Dipti Khera (New York University)
• Sussan Babaie (The Courtauld Institute of Art), Architectural ‘Worlding’: Fischer von Erlach and the Eighteenth-Century Fabrication of an History of Architecture
• Andrei Pop (University of Chicago), Enlightenment as Thought Made Public: A Philosophy and a Portrait
• Meredith Gamer (Columbia University), Britain, Empire, and Execution in the Long Eighteenth Century
• Maggie Cao (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), Maritime Media and the Long Eighteenth Century
• Bart Pushaw (University of Copenhagen), Poq’s Temporal Sovereignty and the Inuit Printing of Colonial History

Eco Deco: Art and the Environment in the Long Eighteenth Century
Live Q & A online, Saturday, 13 February 2021, 2.00–2.30pm (ET)
Chairs: Wendy A. Bellion (University of Delaware) and Kristel Smentek (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
• Freya Gowrley, Fragmented Histories, Imperial Objects: The Specimen Table across Time and Space
• Shweta Raghu, Ebony Clothes / Ebony Bodies: Negotiating Ornament in Coromandel Coast Furniture
• Sarah Simpson Grandin (Harvard University), Trees, Orphans, and the Forgotten Figures of Savonnerie Carpet Manufacturing, 1662–1688
• Philippe Halbert (Yale University), ‘A Toilette in their Fashion’: Indigenizing the Dressing Table in France and New France

New Book | Living with Architecture as Art

Posted in books, catalogues, exhibitions by Editor on February 11, 2021

The exhibition is scheduled to open this spring, with the catalogue now available via Paul Holberton Publishing:

Architectural Training and Practice in Paris in the 19th and Early 20th Century:
Selected French Drawings from the Peter May Collection
New-York Historical Society, 9 April — 13 June 2021

Living with Architecture as Art: The Peter May Collection of Architectural Drawings, Models, and Artefacts (London: Ad Ilissum, 2021), 2 vols., 352 pages each, ISBN: 978-1912168194, £260 / $325.

Introduction by the collector peter may; catalogue by Maureen Cassidy-Geiger; essays by Maureen Cassidy-Geiger, Charles Hind, Basile Baudez, Matthew Wells; afterwords by architect Mark Ferguson and interior designer Bunny Williams.

This stunning two-volume publication introduces readers to one of the largest private collections of architectural drawings in the world. Showcasing drawings and related models and artefacts dating from 1691 to the mid 20th century, this lavish tome includes both a catalogue and new texts by leading authorities and provides a fascinating look at these often very beautiful by-products of architectural training and practice.

One of the largest private collections of architectural drawings in the world has been assembled over 30 years by investor and philanthropist Peter May. Comprising more than 600 sheets that have all been carefully preserved and handsomely framed, the drawings and related models and artefacts date from 1691 to the mid 20th century. This handsome two-volume publication will introduce amateurs and specialists alike to the largely unknown collection. The book includes a catalogue and innovative texts by leading authorities that present the raison-d’être for the production and preservation of these sometimes neglected by-products of architectural training and practice that have been collected off-and-on through history by individuals and institutions.

The architectural sheets acquired for the collection are principally 19th- or early 20th-century competition or certification drawings by design students. Others are presentation drawings for public commissions, reconstruction studies or interior designs. The catalogue is arranged by category, to demonstrate May’s inclination towards specific building types such as commercial or cultural institutions, train stations and spas, landmarks and monuments, private and royal residences, and cast-iron architecture. Also included is a category for landscape designs and garden architecture, reflecting May’s experience as a gentleman farmer with a predilection for building.

Peter May informs the reader about his history as a collector and builder. Maureen Cassidy-Geiger discusses the formation of the collection and with Basile Baudez introduces the French system of architectural education, from which some of the finest drawings come. Charles Hind offers a history of design training in Britain and writes about patterns of collecting and the market for architectural drawings. Matthew Wells’s subject is the history of architectural models.

Maureen Cassidy-Geiger is a curator and scholar with special expertise in European decorative arts, patterns of collecting and display and the history of architecture, court culture, gardening and travel. Her most recent book on architecture was The Philip Johnson Glass House: An architect in the Garden (Rizzoli, 2016). Charles Hind, FSA, is Chief Curator of Drawings at RIBA in London. A Palladio specialist, he was with Sotheby’s, 1986–93, as their expert in architectural drawings and British watercolors. Basile Baudez is Assistant Professor in the Department of Art & Archaeology, Princeton University, previously at Paris-Sorbonne University, University of Pennsylvania and at the Pratt Institute. Matthew Wells is Lecturer in the Department of Architecture at the ETH (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule) in Zurich. His dissertation “Architectural Models and the Professional Practice of the Architect, 1834–1916” was awarded the Theodor-Fischer Prize from the Zentralinstituts für Kunstgeschichte in Munich.


New Book | Oriental Networks

Posted in books by Editor on February 9, 2021

Distributed by Rutgers University Press:

Bärbel Czennia and Greg Clingham, eds., Oriental Networks: Culture, Commerce, and Communication in the Long Eighteenth Century (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2020), 340 pages, ISBN: 978-1684482726 (cloth), $120 / ISBN: 978-1684482719 (paperback), $45 / ISBN: 978-1684482757 (pdf), $45 / ISBN: 978-1684482733 (ebook), $45.

Oriental Networks explores forms of interconnectedness between Western and Eastern hemispheres during the long eighteenth century, a period of improving transportation technology, expansion of intercultural contacts, and the emergence of a global economy. In eight case studies and a substantial introduction, the volume examines relationships between individuals and institutions, precursors to modern networks that engaged in forms of intercultural exchange. Addressing the exchange of cultural commodities (plants, animals, and artifacts), cultural practices and ideas, the roles of ambassadors and interlopers, and the literary and artistic representation of networks, networkers, and networking, contributors discuss the effects on people previously separated by vast geographical and cultural distance. Rather than idealizing networks as inherently superior to other forms of organization, Oriental Networks also considers Enlightenment expressions of resistance to networking that inform modern skepticism toward the concept of the global network and its politics. In doing so the volume contributes to the increasingly global understanding of culture and communication.

Bärbel Czennia has served as associate professor of English at McNeese State University in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and as tenured senior lecturer of English literature at Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany, for more than 25 years. She is the author or editor of many essays and two books, including Celebrities: The Idiom of a Modern Era.

Greg Clingham is emeritus professor of English at Bucknell University, a life member of Clare Hall, Cambridge, and the author or editor of ten books, including Johnson, Writing, and Memory. From 1996 to 2018, he was director of the Bucknell University Press.


List of Illustrations

Introduction: Bärbel Czennia — Oriental Networks in the Long Eighteenth Century
1  Richard Coulton — Knowing and Growing Tea: China, Britain, and the Formation of a Modern Global Commodity
2  Stephanie Howard-Smith — China-Pugs: The Global Circulation of Chinoiseries, Porcelain, and Lapdogs, 1660–1800
3  Barbel Czennia — Green Rubies from the Ganges: Eighteenth-Century Gardening as Intercultural Networking
4  Samara Anne Cahill — The Blood of Noble Martyrs: Penelope Aubin’s Global Economy of Virtue as Critique of Imperial Networks
5  Jennifer L. Hargrave — Robert Morrison and the Dialogic Representation of Imperial China
6  James Watt — At Home with Empire? Charles Lamb, the East India Company, and ‘The South Sea House’
7  Greg Clingham — Commerce and Cosmology on Lord George Macartney’s Embassy to China, 1792–94
8  Kevin L. Cope — Extreme Networking: Maria Graham’s Mountaintop, Underground, Intercontinental, and Otherwise Multidimensional Connections



Online Talk | Duncan Macmillan on French Art and Scotch Ideas

Posted in lectures (to attend), online learning by Editor on February 8, 2021

Gavin Hamilton, Achilles Lamenting the Death of Patroclus, 1760–63
(National Galleries of Scotland)

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From the Paul Mellon Centre:

Duncan Macmillan, French Art and Scotch Ideas: The Scottish Enlightenment and The Dawn of Modernity in French Art
Zoom, Wednesday, 10 February 2021, 2.00–3.30pm (GMT)

This online event is part of a collaboration between the Paul Mellon Centre and the Fleming Collection that will focus on aspects of Scottish art, both current and neglected. As a charity, the Fleming Collection promotes Scottish art and creativity through exhibitions, loans, and education, inspired by its own collection, deemed the finest outside institutions. Recently, the Fleming Collection gifted its specialist library to PMC as a contribution to building an unrivalled resource for British art studies open to all.

The Scottish philosophy of moral sense established the supremacy of the imagination which became one of the a priori of art. So too did its corollary, the idea that the imagination flourished more freely in the primitive condition of humanity, either in the remote past or among unsophisticated people in the present. In Rome, Gavin Hamilton pioneered these ideas in the visual arts and an international community of younger artists, including Canova and David, followed his lead. James Macpherson’s Ossian drew on the same ideas.

Later in the eighteenth century and well into the nineteenth, Thomas Reid’s philosophy of common sense enjoyed international currency. It also had particular appeal to artists as Reid argued that only they are aware of the raw sensations from which intuitively our perceptions are formed and that they must record these signs, not what they signify. This radical idea echoed through the nineteenth century. Reid also presented the same argument for expression and again gave artists privileged vision. His principal interpreter, Dugald Stewart, was a close friend of Henry Raeburn who was clearly influenced by Reid’s ideas. David Wilkie also followed Reid to make expression the basis of his art. His contemporary, the surgeon Charles Bell, made it the centre of his medical studies and his eventual identification of the function of the nervous system. Bell influenced Géricault.

Wilkie also responded to Reid’s ideas on perception, however, and also to how his arguments replaced imagined objectivity with actual subjectivity: art is personal and particular, not general. From this Archibald Alison developed an aesthetic theory of association. Drawing on these ideas, in Chelsea Pensioners reading the Waterloo Dispatch Wilkie quite consciously knocked history painting off its perch atop the hierarchy of painting. Wilkie also followed Burns and certainly influenced Constable. Along with Walter Scott, he was greatly admired in France where concurrently Reid’s philosophy became a fashionable topic amongst the artists in Delacroix’s circle. In Le Chef d’oeuvre inconnu, Balzac parodied its consequences for painting. Delacroix, Bonington and others were also deeply influenced by Wilkie and followed his example to explore a more personal and subjective kind of painting. Courbet also followed Wilkie, particularly in the idea reiterated by Reid that art is expressive, but to recover the simplicity of response, for both Wilkie and Courbet epitomised by folk music, artists must unlearn what they have learnt. Reid’s Works became a school text book for the Impressionist generation and his ideas on perception still find echoes in their work and that of Cézanne.

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