Enfilade

New Book | King of the World: The Life of Louis XIV

Posted in books by Editor on March 31, 2020

Forthcoming from the U of C Press (though its distribution center is temporarily shut down, e-books are now 30% off, and some titles will ship from other locations). I’ll also put in a plug for Hyde Park’s Seminary Co-op Bookstore, one of the world’s great academic bookstores; its Front Table makes for fine online browsing. Like all independent bookstores, the Seminary Co-op faces daunting challenges in the weeks ahead. So keep reading, and all the better if some of those books are coming from independent booksellers you care about. CH

Philip Mansel, King of the World: The Life of Louis XIV (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2020), 608 pages, ISBN: 978-0226690896, $35.

Louis XIV was a man in pursuit of glory. Not content to be the ruler of a world power, he wanted the power to rule the world. And, for a time, he came tantalizingly close. Philip Mansel’s King of the World is the most comprehensive and up-to-date biography in English of this hypnotic, flawed figure who continues to captivate our attention. This lively work takes Louis outside Versailles and shows the true extent of his global ambitions, with stops in London, Madrid, Constantinople, Bangkok, and beyond. We witness the importance of his alliance with the Spanish crown and his success in securing Spain for his descendants, his enmity with England, and his relations with the rest of Europe, as well as Asia, Africa, and the Americas. We also see the king’s effect on the two great global diasporas of Huguenots and Jacobites, and their influence on him as he failed in his brutal attempts to stop Protestants from leaving France. Along the way, we are enveloped in the splendor of Louis’s court and the fascinating cast of characters who prostrated and plotted within it.

King of the World is exceptionally researched, drawing on international archives and incorporating sources who knew the king intimately, including the newly released correspondence of Louis’s second wife, Madame de Maintenon. Mansel’s narrative flair is a perfect match for this grand figure, and he brings the Sun King’s world to vivid life. This is a global biography of a global king, whose power was extensive but also limited by laws and circumstances, and whose interests and ambitions stretched far beyond his homeland. Through it all, we watch Louis XIV progressively turn from a dazzling, attractive young king to a belligerent reactionary who sets France on the path to 1789. It is a convincing and compelling portrait of a man who, three hundred years after his death, still epitomizes the idea of le grand monarque.

Philip Mansel is one of Britain’s leading historians of France and the Middle East. He is the author of many books, including, most recently, Aleppo: The Rise and Fall of Syria’s Great Merchant City; The Eagle in Splendour: Inside the Court of Napoleon; and Levant: Splendour and Catastrophe on the Mediterranean.

C O N T E N T S

List of Illustrations
Maps
Family Trees

Introduction: A Thousand Years of France
1  The Gift of God
2  Our Good City of Paris
3  The Struggle for France
4  M. le Cardinal
5  The Power of Queens
6  Fouquet’s Fall
7  Making France Work
8  The Pursuit of Immortality: The Louvre and Versailles
9  Conquering Flanders
10  Fighting the Netherlands
11  To the Rhine
12  The King Outdoors
13  Inside Versailles
14  Inside Louis XIV
15  The Global King: From the Mississippi to the Mekong
16  The Huguenot Cataclysm
17  England Changes Sides: The Flights of King James
18  France against Europe
19  Spain Changes Sides: The Accession of King Philip
20  The Triumph of Europe
21  Towards the Precipice
22  Nemesis Averted
23  Funeral Games
24  The Shadow of Versailles

Acknowledgements
Notes
Bibliography
Index

Call for Papers | Rediscovering Our Sculpture

Posted in Calls for Papers by Editor on March 31, 2020

From Art UK:

Rediscovering Our Sculpture: An Art UK Symposium
Cloth Hall Court, Leeds, 18–19 September 2020

Proposals due by 10 May 2020

Anne Seymour Damer, Portrait of Mary Berry (1763–1852), based on a work from ca.1793, bronze (London: National Portrait Gallery, 6395).

Art UK is inviting submissions for papers for the conference Rediscovering Our Sculpture, which will be held on Friday 18th and Saturday 19th September 2020 at Cloth Hall Court, Leeds. This symposium will celebrate the completion of Art UK’s ambitious sculpture project. It will be an opportunity to thank the project partners and funders. We will be able to share what we have learned and provide practical guidance on using sculpture for learning and engagement and methods of digitisation.

From 2017 to 2020 Art UK has been digitising sculptures in galleries, museums and public buildings, as well as outdoors—in parks, streets, and squares across the UK. The largest sculpture cataloguing project ever undertaken in the UK will be completed as a result of the hard work of a team of dedicated and enthusiastic project staff, photographers, and volunteers. Thousands of sculptures are now free to browse and search on the site, and many more will be added by the end of 2020.

Our extensive learning and engagement programme has taken sculptures into schools, engaged people and communities with their local sculptural heritage, made a series of films with young people, and provided opportunities for blind and partially sighted people to engage with sculpture collections. Professional development training has been made available for staff and volunteers from collections to develop skills around sculpture care and digitisation.

The conference will feature a selection of papers on a wide range of sculpture-related subjects. We welcome papers on topics that may include, but are not limited to:
Sculpture in the UK – research and mapping using Art UK data; new discoveries or research on sculptors, sculptures or collections; materials of sculpture; public sculpture
Sculpture curation – contemporary curation and collections development; collecting and dealing; acquiring new works; display and exhibition; collections research
Public engagement with sculpture – how we grow public interest in sculpture; interpretation and telling stories; access; digital engagement

We welcome proposals for 20-minute presentations. We will also consider proposals for shorter 10-minute case study talks. Please send an abstract of no more than 300 words, as well as a biography of around 200 words, to katey.goodwin@artuk.org. The deadline for proposals is 9am on Monday, 11th May 2020.

The Burlington Magazine, March 2020

Posted in books, catalogues, exhibitions, journal articles, reviews by Editor on March 30, 2020

The eighteenth century in The Burlington:

The Burlington Magazine 162 (March 2020) — Drawings

Luigi Valadier, Pyx, 1769–71, gilt silver, 22 × 11 cm, one of eighteen pieces of a pontifical mass service belonging to the cathedral of Portalegre, Portugal (Church of S. Miguel, Castelo Branco).

A R T I C L E S

• Teresa Leonor M. Vale “A Portuguese Bishop’s Pontifical Mass Service by Luigi Valadier,” pp. 196–203. A gilt silver pontifical mass service belonging to the cathedral of Portalegre, Portugal, is here identified as the work of the celebrated Roman silversmith Luigi Valadier and dated 1769–71. It is closely similar to a contemporary service owned by Cardinal Domenico Orsini and both services can be linked to a group of drawings from Valadier’s workshop.

S H O R T E R  N O T I C E S

Kee Il Choi, Jr., “Ornament from China: Sources for a Garden Folly Design by Jean-Jacques Lequeu,” pp. 216–19.

R E V I E W S

• Kirstin Kennedy, Review of Carolina Naya Franco, Joyas y alhajas del Alto Aragón: esmaltes y piedras preciosas de ajuares y tesoros históricos (2018).

• Stéphane Loire, Review of Nicola Spinosa, ed., Francesco Solimena (1657–1747) e le Arti a Napoli (2018).

• Aileen Dawson, Review of Claudia Bodinek (with contributions by Peter Braun, Tobias Pfeifer-Helke und Claudia Schnitzer), Raffinesse im Akkord: Meissener Porzellanmalerei und ihre Grafischen Vorlagen (2018).

• David Bindman, Review of the exhibition Canova Thorvaldsen: The Birth of Modern Sculpture (Milan: Gallerie d’Italia, 2019–20).

• Daniel Stewart, Review of the exhibition Troy: Myth and Reality (London: British Museum, 2019–20).

• Christiane Elster, Review of the exhibition History in Fashion: 1500 Years of Embroidery in Fashion (Leipzig: GRASSI Museum of Applied Arts, 2019–20).

• Philippa Glanville, Review of the exhibition Feast and Fast: The Art of Food in Europe, 1500–1800 (Cambridge: Fitzwilliam Museum, 2019–20)

• Kamila Kocialkowska, Review of the exhibition Peter the Great: Collector, Scholar, Artist (Moscow Kremlin Museums, 2019–20).

• Eckart Marchand, Review of the exhibition Near Life: The Gipsformerei: 200 Years of Casting Plaster (Berlin: James-Simon-Galerie, 2019–20).

New Resource | Colonial Virginia Portraits

Posted in resources by Editor on March 30, 2020

◊  ◊  ◊  ◊  ◊

The Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture announces the debut of Colonial Virginia Portraits.

Featuring an interactive database of oil portraits with a documented history in Virginia or of colonial Virginia subjects painted before ca. 1776, the site includes portraits painted in both the colonies and abroad. While most subjects are colonists, there are also records of portraits of family, friends, and officials from England or elsewhere that hung in Virginia homes. It also includes portraits of colonial Virginians that were sent or left abroad. Portraits can be searched or browsed by subject, family name, artist, date, location(s), or attributes. Twenty-eight institutions and several private collections have shared images for the project.

The site represents the scholarship of Janine Yorimoto Boldt. For the initial release of the site, she compiled 500 entries recording over 500 portraits and about 350 individual images. Additional entries will likely be added in the coming months. You can read about some of the work that went into collecting the initial images in this blog post Dr. Boldt wrote for the OI’s Uncommon Sense, “When the Past Still Hangs in the Parlor.”

“Colonial portraits were sites where subjects, patrons, artists, and viewers mediated both individual and community identities,” Dr. Boldt writes. “Based on this assumption, I began systematically gathering evidence of portraits from colonial Virginia. I was particularly interested in portraiture’s function in a colonial plantation society and discovering any regional trends. The resulting database became Colonial Virginia Portraits. Together and individually, the portraits can tell scholars about kinship, gender, race, social status, political ideologies, and cultural exchange because all of these affected representational choices. Spanning 150 years, the portraits are evidence of the development of an American art, culture, and society.”

Janine Boldt is the 2018–2020 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Postdoctoral Curatorial Fellow at the American Philosophical Society Library and Museum. She is the lead curator for the 2020 exhibition Dr. Franklin, Citizen Scientist and was co-curator of Mapping a Nation: Shaping the Early American Republic. She received her Ph.D. in American Studies from William & Mary in 2018. Her current book project investigates the political function and development of portraiture in colonial Virginia.

Colonial Virginia Portraits is the latest in a series of digital projects undertaken by the Omohundro Institute thanks to the Lapidus Initiative for Excellence and Innovation in Early American Scholarship, generously funded with a gift from Sid and Ruth Lapidus. Other projects funded by the Lapidus Initiative include the Ben Franklin’s World and Doing History podcasts, both available in Apple Podcasts; the publication of the refreshed Commonplace (in partnership with the American Antiquarian Society); the OI Reader app; and the Georgian Papers Programme (in partnership with William & Mary, King’s College London, and the Royal Collection Trust). Additional projects, including a second version of the OI Reader app, are due later in 2020.

New Book | The Campbells of Cawdor and their Welsh Estates

Posted in books by Editor on March 28, 2020

From Boydell & Brewer:

John Davies, The Changing Fortunes of a British Aristocratic Family, 1689–1976: The Campbells of Cawdor and their Welsh Estates (Martlesham, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer, 2019), 353 pages, £85.

Traces the development of a typical British aristocratic family, its estates and its activities over the period when the landed aristocracy was at its height and over the period when the aristocracy had to cope with increasing democratisation.

For over two hundred years, the Campbells of Cawdor were major landowners, industrialists and politicians. Originating in Nairnshire, Scotland, they moved in the late seventeenth century to south Wales, where they became the second largest landowner in Wales and owners of significant coal and lead mines. They participated politically in the British state as MPs, peers, lords of the admiralty including one first lord, treasury lords, admirals, and army officers. They supported local good causes, were involved in London ‘society’, and were major art collectors. As such their story is fairly typical of many other aristocratic families in the period. This book traces the development of the family, its estates, and activities from the late seventeenth to the late twentieth century. It shows how they established their wealth and power during the eighteenth century—the period when the landed aristocracy was at its height—how they responded in the nineteenth century to the moves towards more democratic forms of local and national government, and how—despite the difficulties aristocratic families and estates faced in the twentieth century—they survived, selling off their Welsh lands and returning to their Scottish base, which remains a flourishing agricultural estate and tourist destination.

John E. Davies was the County Archivist for Carmarthenshire and is now an independent historical researcher. He completed his doctorate at Swansea University.

C O N T E N T S

Introduction
Cawdor and Campbell
Estate Administration
The Agricultural Estate: The Cawdors as Farmers and Landlords
The Cawdors as Industrial Landowners
The Cawdors in the Community: Church and Education
The Melee of Local Governance
The Cawdors in Politics: Interest Building, Consolidation, and Decline
Private and Exclusive Lives
The End of the Welsh Estates
Conclusion

Bibliography

New Book | Anglo-Saxonism and the Idea of Englishness

Posted in books by Editor on March 27, 2020

From Boydell & Brewer:

Dustin M. Frazier Wood, Anglo-Saxonism and the Idea of Englishness in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Martlesham, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2020), 239 pages, ISBN: 978-1783275014, $99.

Long before they appeared in the pages of Ivanhoe and nineteenth-century Old English scholarship, the Anglo-Saxons had become commonplace in Georgian Britain. The eighteenth century—closely associated with Neoclassicism and the Gothic and Celtic revivals—also witnessed the emergence of intertwined scholarly and popular Anglo-Saxonisms that helped to define what it meant to be English. This book explores scholarly Anglo-Saxon studies and imaginative Anglo-Saxonism during a century not normally associated with either. Early in the century, scholars and politicians devised a rhetoric of Anglo-Saxon inheritance in response to the Hanoverian succession, and participants in Britain’s burgeoning antiquarian culture adopted simultaneously affective and scientific approaches to Anglo-Saxon remains. Patriotism, imagination, and scholarship informed the writing of Enlightenment histories that presented England, its counties, and its towns as Anglo-Saxon landscapes. Those same histories encouraged English readers to imagine themselves as the descendants of Anglo-Saxon ancestors—as did history paintings, book illustrations, poetry, and drama that brought the Anglo-Saxon past to life. Drawing together these strands of scholarly and popular medievalism, this book identifies Anglo-Saxonism as a multifaceted, celebratory and inclusive idea of Englishness at work in eighteenth-century Britain.

Dustin M. Frazier Wood is a Lecturer in English at the University of Roehampton.

C O N T E N T S

Introduction: Anglo-Saxonism, Medievalism, and the Eighteenth Century
1  Anglo-Saxonisms of the Early Eighteenth Century
2  Antiquaries and Anglo-Saxons
3  Anglo-Saxon History and the English Landscape
4  Imaging and Imagining Anglo-Saxonness
5  Anglo-Saxonist Politics and Posterity
Conclusion: Sharon Turner’s History of the Anglo-Saxons

Bibliography

Call for Articles | Visual and Material Culture across the Baltic

Posted in Calls for Papers by Editor on March 27, 2020

From ArtHist.net:

Visual and Material Culture Exchange across the Baltic Sea Region, 1772–1918
Edited by Michelle Facos, Bart Pushaw, and Thor Mednick

Proposals due by 1 June 2020; final essays due by 31 December 2020

The long nineteenth century occupies a precarious place in the history of the visual and material culture of the Baltic Sea Region, at once containing the most popular and most obscured areas of art historical investigation. Since the 1990s, the concept of a Baltic Sea Region encompassing the sea and its surrounding land has fostered transnational thinking about the region, transcending Cold War binaries of ‘East’ and ‘West’ in an effort to view the area more holistically. Yet national funding schemes in these countries—Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and Russia—continue to foster a historiographical imbalance that downplays the region’s extraordinary significance as a cultural crossroads of the world. By contrast, our publication foregrounds visual and material exchanges and the ideological or pragmatic factors that motivated them in order to frame the Baltic Sea as a nexus of entangled individuals and cultures always in conversation across the long nineteenth century (ca. 1770–1920).The volume draws from selected papers from our series of conferences in Greifswald in 2017, Berlin in 2018, Tallinn in 2019, and a final, anticipated, conference in Copenhagen.

The publication focuses on the following themes:
• Travelling Artists and Craftsmen
• Art Academies as International Hubs
• Slavery, Serfdom, and the Colonial Turn
• Relationship between Art and Science
• Art Commerce: Agents, Dealers, Collectors, Advisers
• Foreign Artists at Royal Courts
• International Constructions of ‘National’ Styles

While our volume addresses the long nineteenth century, we are especially keen to receive contributions that approach material culture of the region at the turn of the nineteenth century (ca. 1770–1820) as well as the mid-nineteenth century (1840–1870). A paper proposal of 300 words, together with an accompanying short CV (max. 5-page), should be submitted to mfacos@indiana.edu, bcpushaw@gmail.com, and tmednick@hotmail.com by 1 June 2020. We will notify you by 1 July. The deadline for completed articles/chapters of 6,000–9,000 words will be 31 December 2020.

New Book | Lessons of Travel in Eighteenth-Century France

Posted in books by Editor on March 26, 2020

From Boydell & Brewer:

Gábor Gelléri, Lessons of Travel in Eighteenth-Century France: From Grand Tour to School Trips (Martlesham, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2020), 245 pages, ISBN: 978-1783274369, $130.

A study of the literature of the ‘art of travel’ in eighteenth-century France, showing how consideration of who should travel and for what purpose provided an occasion for wider debate about the social status quo.

Early modern educational travel is usually associated with the Grand Tour: a young nobleman’s journey through the established highlights of Europe. Lessons of Travel presents how, in eighteenth-century France, this practice was heavily contested, and the idea of educational travel had far wider implications. Through the study of a huge range of both canonical and little-known sources discussing ‘the art of travel’, from abbé Pluche’s educational best seller, The Spectacle of Nature, through Rousseau’s Émile to practical prospectuses for collective educational travel in the revolutionary period, Gabor Gelleri investigates what it meant to ‘think about travels’ in eighteenth-century France. Consideration of who should travel and for what purpose, he argues, contributed to an international intellectual tradition but also provided a pretext for debate on the social status quo, including such issues as the place of the merchant class, the necessity for professional training, the uses of travel for young women and the education of a new generation of citizens of the Revolution.

Gábor Gelléri is Lecturer in French at Aberystwyth University.

C O N T E N T S

Introduction: On Reading Arts of Travel
Defining the Grand Tour
From Touring to Training: The Case of Diplomacy, 1680–1830
Trading with Men, Dealing with God: Abbé Pluche’s Ideas on Travel
Travelling on a Moebius Strip: Émile’s Travels
The End of an Era? The Prize Contest of the Academy of Lyon, 1785–87
Inventing School Trips? Revolutionary Programmes of Collective Educational Travel
Conclusion

Bibliography

Call for Papers | Manor House Colloquium: Portugal, Brazil, and Goa

Posted in Calls for Papers by Editor on March 26, 2020

From the Call for Papers:

7th Manor House Colloquium — Portugal, Brasil, and Goa: Cultural Interactions
Fundação Oriente, Goa, 10–13 November 2020

Proposals due by 31 March 2020

The Casa Senhorial Portugal, Brasil & Goa project, hosted at the Instituto de História de Arte, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, in partnership with Fundação Casa Rui Barbosa in Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, promotes the 7th Manor House Colloquium at Fundação Oriente in Goa, from 10 to 13 November 2020. The colloquium aims to extend the study of manor houses to Goa and its territory and share the development of this research with the Brazilian and Portuguese team. Following distinct courses, the architectures of Portugal, Brazil, and Goa nonetheless traded experiences and influenced one another, giving birth to new solutions and models that were markedly original. This call for papers invites researchers to participate in the development and broadening of the debate by submitting an original article in the four themes of the ongoing research project:

• Patrons and artists, customs and rituals
• Distributive programs and functional and symbolic nomenclatures of each space
• Study of fixed ornamentation: ceilings, tiles, carvings, plaster, textiles, floors, chimneys, windows and doors, integrated furniture
• Furniture and equipment in its specific functions

Proposals should be submitted in English, as a Word file, with the following information: paper title, author’s institutional affiliation, thematic line abstract of 250 words, 3–5 key words, biography of 150 words. Send to manorhousesGoa2020@gmail.com by 31 March 2020.

Provisional Schedule

November 10 — Official opening
November 11 and 13 — Communications at the colloquium
November 12, 14, and 15 — Technical meetings and study visits to stately homes in Goa, Palácio
Meneses Bragança in Chandor, Casa Figueiredo in Lotulim, Palácio do Deão in Quepém, Palácio Santana da Silva in Margão, Museum of Christian Art at Monicas Convent in Old Goa

Scientific Committee

Ana Pessoa – Fundação Casa Rui Barbosa, Brasil
Ana Lucia Vieira – Universidade Federal Fluminense – RJ, Brasil
Fátima Gracias – Individual Researcher, India
Helder Carita – IHA/Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
José Belmont Pessoa -Universidade Federal Fluminense – RJ, Brasil
João Vieira Caldas – Instituto Superior Técnico, Portugal
Marize Malta – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Pedro Pombo – Goa University, India

Executive Committee

Ana Pessoa – Fundação Casa Rui Barbosa, Brasil
Helder Carita – IHA/Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
Ana Lucia Vieira – Universidade Federal Fulminense – RJ, Brasil
Joaquim Rodrigo dos Santos – ARTIS /Universidade de Lisboa
Tiago Molarinho Antunes – DINÂMIA’CET/ISCTE-Intituto Universitário de Lisboa

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New Book | Time and Place: Notes on the Art of Calendars

Posted in books by Editor on March 25, 2020

For any of you mindful today of the Calendar Act of 1750, which finally brought Britain into alignment with the Continent through its acceptance of the Gregorian calendar, thus beginning the New Year on January 1 rather than March 25 (the change, including a loss of eleven days, actually went into effect in September 1752). From Little Toller Books:

Alexandra Harris, Time and Place: Notes on the Art of Calendars (Dorset: Little Toller Books, 2019), 104 pages, ISBN: 978-1908213808, £12 / $18.

Dates are invented things. Nothing in nature decrees that today is today. But for millennia humans have divided time into portions, and given those portions names which are shared widely across cultures, creating a common agreement on the date. This convention is useful in practical ways: we can make arrangements and can communicate time elapsed or time ahead. But the calendar also makes a certain kind of truth and establishes that today is today. As calendars and almanacs developed, art from their specific time and place was naturally incorporated. In this small book showcasing the finest and most interesting art that has gone into almanacs, from the eight century onwards, Alexandra Harris brings in everything from Benedictine calendars to Old Moore’s Almanack.

Alexandra Harris is a renowned, prize-winning writer, critic, and cultural historian. Her books include Romantic Moderns, Weatherland, Modernism on Sea, and Virginia Woolf.