Enfilade

New Book | Natter’s Museum Britannicum

Posted in books by Editor on August 20, 2018

From Archaeopress Archaeology:

John Boardman, Julia Kagan, and Claudia Wagner, with contributions by Catherine Phillips, Natter’s Museum Britannicum: British Gem Collections and Collectors of the Mid-Eighteenth Century (Oxford: Archaeopress Archaeology, 2018), 316 pages, ISBN: 978-1784917272, £55 / $110.

The German gem-engraver, medallist, and amateur scholar Lorenz Natter (1705–1763), was so impressed by the size and quality of the collections of ancient and later engraved gems which he found in Britain that he proposed the publication of an extraordinarily ambitious catalogue—Museum Britannicum—which would present engravings and descriptions of the most important pieces. He made considerable progress to this end, producing several hundred drawings, but in time he decided to abandon the near completed project in the light of the apparent lack of interest shown in Britain. Only one of the intended plates in its final form ever appeared, in a catalogue which he published separately for Lord Bessborough’s collection.

On Natter’s death the single copy of his magnum opus vanished mysteriously, presumed lost forever. All hope of recovering Natter’s unpublished papers seemed vain, and their very existence had come to be doubted. Yet they were to be found more than two hundred years after his death, in spring 1975, when the classical scholar and renowned expert in gems, Oleg Neverov, chanced upon them at the bottom of a pile of papers in the archives of the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg. Neverov and his colleague Julia Kagan carried out the initial research on the Hermitage manuscripts and produced the first published account of this archival treasure.

The present volume builds upon their earlier work to produce the first comprehensive publication of Museum Britannicum, offering full discussion in English and presenting Natter’s drawings and comments alongside modern information on the gems that can be identified and located through fresh research. This book is the result of a ten-year collaboration between scholars on the Beazley Archive gems research programme at Oxford’s Classical Art Research Centre and the State Hermitage Museum. It fulfills Natter’s vision for the Museum Britannicum—albeit two and a half centuries late—to the benefit of art historians, cultural historians, curators, and gem-lovers of today.

Sir John Boardman, FBA, is Emeritus Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art in the University of Oxford. His many books include Greek Gems and Finger Rings (2001), The Greeks Overseas (1999), Greek Art (2016), The History of Greek Vases (2006), and The World of Ancient Art (2006).

Julia Kagan is the Curator of post-Classical engraved gems in the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. She has contributed to the history of glyptics in Great Britain with major publications, such as Gem Engraving in Britain from Antiquity to the Present (2010) and curated important exhibitions, such as the gem collection of the Duc D’Orleans in Paris (2001).

Claudia Wagner is Director of the gems databases at the Beazley Archive in the University of Oxford and Senior Research Lecturer at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. She is joint author, with John Boardman, of seven books devoted to the study and publication of ancient gems, including The Guy Ladrière Collection of Gems and Rings (2015) and The Beverley Collection of Gems at Alnwick Castle (2016), both written with Diana Scarisbrick.

C O N T E N T S

Preface

Part One
1  An Anglo-Russian Project
2  Lorenz Natter: Early Career
3  Natter in Britain
4  Natter in Russia
5  The Museum Britannicum Rediscovered
6  Afterword

Part Two
7  The Museum Britannicum: The Catalogue and Drawings
8  The Collectors and Their Gems
9  Lorenz Natter’s Own Collection
10  Natter’s Index of the Museum Britannicum
11  Natter’s Treatise and Miscellaneous Drawings

Index of Gem Subjects
Index of Inscriptions
General Index